The answer is both! But so many of us are fixed only on one or the other. Therein is the problem of the modern Catholic Church, and so many modern Catholics.
Fake news? Says who? Extremist speech? According to who? The latest craze in secular rhetoric is to disqualify truth by labeling it as fraudulent, dishonest, cruel, or unjust. The secular super powers who control the information are becoming the arbiters of what information is worthy of being seen, read or heard. Today, it’s political speech.